Spain

The bioclimatic diversity in Spain is reflected in its wealth of fauna, which consists of typically European, Mediterranean and African species and Alpine fauna in the high mountainous massifs. The most emblematic mammals include wolves, foxes, wild cats, lynx, deer, wild goats and wild boars, amongst others. Spain is an important resting place for groups of migratory birds on their journey between Europe and Africa.

These are some of the many birds that can be found in Spain; ducks, flamencos, herons, cranes and great bustards, as well as several species of birds of prey, such as the eagle, the lammergeier, the vulture, the falcon, the owl and the goshawk. As for its fish, the Spanish lakes and rivers boast an abundance of several species such as trout, tench and barbel. In Spain there are 422 species of vertebrates in danger of extinction, including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Examples of these include, the imperial eagle, the houbara bustard, the Iberian lynx and the speckled lizard.

Visiting Spain is not only about sun, great cuisine, and a warm welcome, but also its rich monumental heritage and dazzling natural environment. There is a perfect destination for everyone: Choose yours.

Spain is, above all, a mosaic of cultures. Heterogeneous. Old and modern. Refined and popular. Holy and secular. Plural and diverse. The variety of its cultures attracts. The historic heritage dazzles. The vital power of its people fascinates.

Spanish culture is extremely rich and touches upon all forms of artistic expression. From literature to painting, music to architecture, the theatre to sumptuary arts. In each of these aspects, at some time in history or other, Spanish culture has reached the highest artistic heights: from bygone times (with outstanding examples of cave art) until present day (a time in which Spanish architecture is universally avant-garde), culture and art in Spain are prominent features of the country. Current Spanish culture is enjoying good health, as can be seen, for example, in a prosperous editorial industry that produces over 67,000 volumes per year and the record industry with a turnover of over 500 million Euro per year. Cultural tourism is becoming an alternative to sun and beach tourism, as a result of the wealth and quality of the museums, monuments, fiestas and traditions, not to mention the expositions and various cultural displays. To quote an example, let's say that Spain is one of the richest countries in the world with regard to monumental heritage; it is not in vain that Spain has the highest number of UNESCO World Heritage listings. An approximate inventory of the monuments in Spain would reveal over 20,000 important pieces. Spanish theatre and cinema is becoming a reference point in Europe, thanks to events such as the Theatre Festivals of Mérida, Sagunto and Almagro and the San Sebastian and Valladolid cinema festivals.